Acupuncture consists of inserting small, sterile, disposable needles into specific points in an animal’s body to bring about healing changes. Acupuncture increases circulation and stimulates the body's natural defense mechanisms. Modern research has shown that stimulation of acupuncture points causes the release of beta-endorphin, serotonin, and other neurotransmitters. References can be found here.
Most animals readily accept acupuncture treatment. Treatment usually consists of 4 to 6 weekly treatments. Acupuncture frequency can then be decreased to an as-needed basis once a positive response is noted. With severe neurological disorders, it can take up to 12 weeks until improvement is achieved. Often, treatments in other disease processes can be decreased to monthly or even quarterly.